Permissible notice exposure levels for various maximum allowable durations are given which are recommended by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Decibel is a ratio expressed on a logarithmic scale. HomeLet’s discuss all these in detail: It is a big source of irritation and distraction causing the avoidable level of anxiety, stress and fatigue. Noise is usually defined as undesired sounds producing an auditory sensation considered being annoying. Noises cann be of different levels. Industries And Factories 2. It is named after Alexander Graham Bel, the inventor of the telephone. Various Causes of Noise Pollution on Humans and Wildlife 1. Land animals are also affected by noise pollution in the form of traffic, firecrackers etc., and birds are especially affected by the increased air traffic. Roadways 5. Ministry of Environment and Forest (India) has also notified the ambient standards in respect of noise in the Gazette of India on December 26, 1989. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Noise pollution Noise is defined as, "the unwanted, unpleasant or disagreeable sound that causes discomfort to all living beings". A) Introduction Noise pollution- “A form and level of environmental sound that is generally considered likely to annoy, distract or even harm other people.” Noise pollution has been an increasing worldwide issue, however, it is a tremendously destructive problem in our very own country. Agriculture Machinery 4. Low Birth Weight -The U.S Environmental Protection Agency has studied the co-relation of sound pollution on low birth weights and birth defects in babies born in these environments, but this is still under debate. Hypertension and cardiovascular disease such as myocardial infarction. Noise pollution causes various problems, including serious problems for human health. Noise pollution is commonly generated inside many industrial facilities and some other workplaces, but it also comes from road, rail, and air traffic and from construction activities. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. But more effective laws and methods were brought by the state governments. Noise pollution can cause health problems for people and wildlife, both on land and in the sea. Noise pollution. It is also a very effective alarm system. High levels of noise damage the Eardrums and sometimes even cause loss of hearing. The word noise is derived from the Latin ‘nausea’ meaning disgust. Noise pollution, which is also referred to as sound pollution, can be defined as the spread of noise which causes adverse effects on the environment, including humans and animals. Hence one realizes how important it is to protect the ears from harm. It equally affects rich and poor, educated, illiterate, men and women. Privacy Policy Cause of Noise Pollution. Fire crackers depending on the proximity to them. The sources of noise pollution are divided into two categories: Natural sources. Especially in big cities with a high concentration of motor vehicles, noise pollution can be a big issue. Noise Pollution 2390 Words | 10 Pages. 2. Causes of noise pollution-Traffic, a major cause of noise pollution in cities. Though it may not be talked about much, noise pollution has a serious impact on the lives of living beings. The other sources include vacuum cleaners, TV, radio sets and washing machines I etc. Uses of loudspeakers on almost all kinds of occasions like festivals and elections, worship, and during advertisements are common almost all the year round. Daytime standards for industrial zone and silence zone are 75 dB and 50 dB, respectively. Use of loudspeakers on various occasions like festivals, elections, worships in temples, mosques and during advertisements, mining operations, use of bulldozers, drillers and dynamites to break rocks, household gadgets like vacuum cleaner, TV, radio, stereo, grinder, mixer etc., common vegetable and fish markets. Noise pollution needs to be taken seriously because the major harmful thing it can do to people is that it can cause permanent hearing damage if exposed to for a long time. A survey in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata showed that daytime noises varied from 60 dB (A) in busy localities. Road traffic particularly during peak hours is another noise pollution source to travelers as well as to the shopkeepers and residents of the concerned area. Harms of noise pollution. Noise is at a maximum during take-off and landing. A) Introduction Noise pollution- “A form and level of environmental sound that is generally considered likely to annoy, distract or even harm other people.” Noise pollution has been an increasing worldwide issue, however, it is a tremendously destructive problem in our very own country. Following are the causes of sound pollution-Traffic-Traffic creates massive sound pollution in the cities. Noise pollution can cause health problems for people and wildlife, both on land and in the sea. 2)Loud noise can cause a person to lose concentration in his work or studies. It is seen that there is little difference between daytime standards and nighttime standards. It was added as part of the Clean Air Act for a while. Modern life has given rise to a new form of pollution. Effects of noise pollution Generally, problems caused by noise pollution include stress related illnesses, speech interference, hearing loss, sleep disruption, and lost productivity. Constant loud noise reduces the hearing power of our ears. Noise pollution thus interferes with water species like whales and dolphins feeding habits, reproductive patterns and migration routes, and can even cause hemorrhage and death. Animal looses the control of its mind. Sources of Noise Pollution: Major causes / sources of noise pollution are: (i) Industrial Sources: ADVERTISEMENTS: Progress in technology (industrialization) has resulted in creating noise pollu­tion. And according to the European Environment Agency (EEA), noise is responsible for 16,600 premature deaths and more than 72,000 hospitalisations every year in Europe alone. As noise interferes with normal auditory communication it may mask auditory warming signals and hence increases the rate of accidents, especially in industries. While we often think of noise pollution as a problem of big cities, with the competing sounds of more people in a smaller space, noise pollution can also be found in suburban neighborhoods (in the form of leaf blowers, lawnmowers, and home construction) and even individual homes and workplaces. Hence the EPA removed noise pollution from its purview and allowed the state governments to monitor noise pollution. Noise pollution, also known as environmental noise or sound pollution, is the propagation of noise with ranging impacts on the activity of human or animal life, most of them harmful to a degree.The source of outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines, transport, and propagation systems. Railways 6. Highway noises are of two types, viz., noises generated by individual vehicles and noises generated by a continuous flow of vehicles of all types. The other factors on which traffic noise depends are traffic density and a number of operating factors / conditions/type of vehicle. The EPA did issue regulations regarding noise pollution and its control. Heavy diesel engine vehicles are the noisiest vehicles on roads. Therefore, it is extremely essential to make all possible efforts to control the threat of noise pollution for sound human health in the present era of industry and technology. Aircraft noise differs from road traffic noise in the sense that it is not continuous but intermittent. Sound is a necessity in our day-to-day lives, but not noise. Noise pollution can have severe effects on our health. 8) Causes Fear Noise pollution leads … Environmental pollution is one of the most dangerous threats to human health. IX EFFECT ON PROPERTY:- Loud noise is very dangerous to buildings, bridges and monuments. 1- Air pollution Ears are exhausted with different kinds of those nasty voices all around. Noise Pollution 2390 Words | 10 Pages. There are many forms of man-made noise pollution that have caused a great amount of disturbance in our planet. One becomes aware of it only after a while. A new study provides the first look at how much noise pollution is impacting the Olympic Peninsula. For eg when standing with a friend at the busy bus stop , you block the sounds of the on-going traffic, the stomping of many feet, the music flowing from the nearby cafeteria, all just to concentrate on the very interesting story your friend has to tell. In this type of pollution contaminants are not physical particles, but waves which interfere with the naturally occurring … Copyright. Inside the waveform of a noise, we can find overlapping waveform indicating mixed and jumbled outputs rendering ‘noise’. The presence of various types of noise pollution sources in our environment has given birth to many diseases. Causes of Noise Pollution. Jokes aside, noise is a very real, subtle entity which one cannot see, taste, feel or smell. Noise Pollution.For more videos go to:https://www.youtube.com/user/learningjunction/videosStay tuned for more videos. These act as sound barriers. 4. High levels of noise can disrupt, distract, or have a deleterious … Brown (1995, 2000) has compared these noise levels with other common sounds that occur in our day-to-day life. Other than marine life, land animals are also affected by noise pollution in the form of traffic, firecrackers etc., and birds are especially affected by the increased air traffic. Sound intensity is measured in decibels (dB), that is the tenth part of the longest unit Bel. The use of transport systems, loud music, construction works, and people in gatherings also generates a lot of noise. VIII EFFECT ON ANIMAL:- Noise pollution damage the nervous system of animal. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. But this ability does not stop our nerves from receiving the continuous signals anyway. The normal refrigerator hums at 45 dB, whereas maximum volume on an MP3 player is a loud 105 dB. Effects on Noise Pollution on Human Health 1. Noise pollution can affect all age groups. A permissible maximum outdoor noise level for urban residential areas is 35-45 dB. Living in areas near the railways stations or airports, Working near loud machinery in industries, factories and construction sites. 3) loud noise can cause an ailment called Hypertension. Noise is the unwanted sound, usually of high intensity and it causes … Harsh Gupta, Sukanta Roy, in Geothermal Energy, 2007. 5. Here we have enlisted some of the sources of noise pollution which are making things difficult for everyone. Dementia is also associated with noise pollution. Demanding strict laws to control noise production and eliminate noise pollution from our representatives in the government is our right. Sitting in the car in the middle of traffic is 85 decibels and more than 8 hrs of it is not ideal. Industrialization. A decibel (One-tenth of a bel) is a physical unit based on the weakest sound that can be detected by the human ear. It includes a variety of noise sources which disturb and annoy general public. Noise pollution thus interferes with cetaceans’ (whales and dolphins) feeding habits, reproductive patterns and migration routes, and can even cause hemorrhage and death. This leads to quick altercations for apparently no reason. The major kinds of pollution are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, light pollution, plastic pollution and land pollution. 2. With these and other causes come the grave consequences of noise pollution. Noise pollution is any intrusive noise that disrupts, distracts, or detracts from regular functioning. Noise pollution is the pollution due to a loud or unnatural noise that causes some kind of uncomfortable situation to the person hearing it because of its higher level of sound or noise. This was found to be more effective than the Federal regulations. The horns and engines of vehicles produce noise of such a level that it can impact a person’s ears adversely. Being exposed to noise pollution for ten consecutive years or more raises your chances of suffering from at least one cardiovascular disease later in life by 300%. Whether a corporate or individual player, it is only with consideration for one’s environment and fellow beings, can one be motivated to adopt technologies and newer methods of noise control. Sound of traffic with the roaring engines of trucks, buses, motorcycles and constant humming of cars. Noise pollution causes poor quality of crops in a pleasant atmosphere. Exposure to loud noise can also cause high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep disturbances, and stress. The American National Standards Institute defines noise as any ‘undesired’ sound or ‘unwanted’ sound or sound ‘without value.’ Its definition can be more appropriately stated as – “Noise is unwanted sound or sounds of a duration, intensity, or other quality that cause some kind of physiological or psychological harm to humans or other living things.”. Noise pollution is any intrusive noise that disrupts, distracts, or detracts from regular functioning. Noise pollution during the construction and operation stages of a geothermal power plant includes those by drilling and maintenance (90–120 dB) and discharge of fluids (~120 dB). Noise pollution in urban environments is a frequent cause of discomfort, health, and psychological problems (IGCB, 2010). The noise generated from highway traffic is one of the major sources of noise pollution. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. The word noise is derived from the Latin ‘nausea’ meaning disgust. (3) Studies show that children’s learning is negatively affected by noise in the classroom. The main causes of noise pollution are from human beings. Noise induced hearing loss – The loss of hearing is not noticeable at first if one is exposed to continuous and medium to loud sounds. Noise pollution has adverse effects on sexual potency and cause an increase in social conflicts. Following are the causes of sound pollution-Traffic-Traffic creates massive sound pollution in the cities. What happens in the Noise indices and what are its sources, What are the harmful effects of Noise Pollution, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Noise pollution can cause stress, anxiety, headaches, irritability, hearing loss, and sleep loss resulting in decreased productivity. Working with loud tools such as at wood cutting, welding, generators, lawnmowers and  other gardening and cleaning machinery, Listening to music with head phones, playing in a band, music concerts, Loud speakers and amplifiers used at Large gatherings of celebrations or protests, War zones with sudden intense sounds or constant loud ones. Best Control Measures to Curb Noise Pollution Since the menace of noise pollution is impacting the lives of humans and animals, so there is a need to take into consideration noise pollution control methods. Anything above that noise is unbearable. Textile mills, printing presses, engineering establishments and metal works etc. It can be concluded that noise pollution causes several physicals, mental and physiological disorders in human beings, hence it is a serious menace to human health. Modern life has given rise to a new form of pollution. To be aware of the kind of noises around oneself. (2) Noise negatively affects learning and behaviour. Noise pollution is the excess of sound that negatively affects the environment. Being exposed to noise pollution for ten consecutive years or more raises your chances of suffering from at least one cardiovascular disease later in life by 300%. A low sound is pleasant whereas a loud sound is unpleasant and is commonly referred to […] This logarithmic scale takes care of wide range of sound power, intensity and pressure. (1) 28 million people in USA have hearing loss and noise is one of the leading causes of hearing loss, especially in young people. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. It may not seem as insidious or harmful as the contamination of drinking water supplies from hazardous In the human ear are many delicate parts. Health ailments such as hypertension, headaches, cardiovascular diseases, and hearing loss are all caused due to being exposed to loud noise consistently. The compressors, generators, furnaces, looms, grinding mills, release valves and exhaust fans are the most offending noise sources. These sounds originate from various sources. The after effects of the noise pollution are much more than you can think. In industries, noise is the by-product of energy conversion. One dB is the faintest sound that a human ear can hear. Whether it’s about the traffic, people talking on phones for 1-2 hours, loud music, driving horns, and many more have become a part of the urban culture. Most of the industries use big machines which are capable of producing a large amount of noise. We must use it. Its causes and effects, What is Industrial Pollution?Its causes, effects & controlling methods, What is Nuclear Energy Pollution , its causes , effects and prevention, Effects of environmental pollution in detail, What is Water pollution and its causes, effects, types & prevention methods, Paper Recycling – a solution for deforestation, Is all renewable energy clean? Noise is perhaps one of the most undesirable by products of modern mechanized lifestyle. Unlike other cells these cannot be regenerated or replaced. Causes of noise pollution. Sources of noise are many, but it is always higher in urban and industrial areas than the rural one. Other than marine life, land animals are also affected by noise pollution in the form of traffic, firecrackers etc., and birds are especially affected by the increased air traffic. Plant more trees at strategic points. Noise pollution can also have an impact on children’s cognitive development as well. Noise pollution, unwanted or excessive sound that can have deleterious effects on human health, wildlife, and environmental quality. Also, an increase in noise pollution causes neurological problems, hypertension, exhaustion, and excessive sweating. Vehicles: Increased number of vehicles on the roads are the second reason for noise pollution. Disclaimer The most I prominent is the indiscriminate use of loudspeakers in public functions, entertainments, festivals, I elections etc. Did you know a rock concert and a leaf blower, are both loud at 115 dB and one should keep a limit of 30 seconds for these? may become necessary anywhere and the other reason is that construction equipments are inherently noisy. Light pollution is excessive, misdirected or inappropriate outdoor lighting. This is apparent in cases of expecting mothers, newborn babies and elderly people … Pollution of all kinds can have negative effects on the environment and wildlife and often impacts human health. May be a future plastic pollution solution, Effects of light pollution, detailing effects on Human, animals, wildlife, energy & night sky, What is Land pollution? Noise is broadly an undesirable sound or sound which generates horrible discomfort on the ears.In the contemporary society, noise has become a permanent aspect owing to the daily activities such as transportation, industrial manufacturing, and technology. This irritating noises may even cause a disturbance in the daily lives as well as the imbalance in the environment. Causes of noise pollution-Traffic, a major cause of noise pollution in cities. The horns and engines of vehicles produce noise of such a level that it can impact a person’s ears adversely. Construction companies, printing presses, Textile mills and metal works extremely create noise.1 machine noise mechanical pneumatic drills, saws and rotating belts produce unbearable sounds and hinder the public. Is that too a pollution? The Oxford Dictionary’s definition of ‘noise’ is ‘a sound, especially when it is loud, unpleasant or disturbing’. Causes of Noise Pollution Here's another alarming statistic: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Americans cite noise as the biggest problem affecting their neighborhoods – even more than crime. Use of sound insulating architectural elements in offices , apartments, industries and public places, Planning living spaces such that there is sufficient distance between the source of noise and residences, schools and hospitals. WHO also defines noise above 65 decibels (dB) as noise pollution. There is a certain point of noise limit a human being can survive. From traffic noise to rock concerts, loud or inescapable sounds can cause hearing loss, stress, and high blood pressure. There are two reasons for this – one is that construction (of roads, bridges, buildings, dams etc.) Loss of hearing is the worst thing that can happen to a human being as the effect of noise pollution. Let us first begin by trying to understand how noise is generated technically. Noise is the unwanted sound, usually of high intensity and it causes … Social Events 8. Potential effects of noise include speech interference, ear discomfort, sleep disturbance alterations in concentration capacity, decrease of productivity, and problems in children’s learning ( Kang, 2006 ). Noise pollution causes serious problems in big cities. Following are the causes and sources of noise pollution: Industrialisation: Industrialisation has led to an increase in noise pollution as the use of heavy machinery such as generators, mills, huge exhaust fans are used, resulting in the production of unwanted noise. It is also known as environmental noise or sound pollution, is the propagation of noise with ranging impacts on the activity of human or animal life, most of them harmful to a degree. Noise pollution also triggers a plethora of heart ailments including angina and heart attacks. Noise pollution is an invisible danger. There have been studies conducted that show higher rate of birth defects when expectant mothers are exposed to high levels of noise for prolonged periods of time. One or both ears can be affected. It can be observed that sports car and motor cycles are notorious noise producers. Noise is usually defined as undesired sounds producing an auditory sensation considered being annoying. Noise pollution can be defined as unwanted or excessive sound that causes harm or annoyance. Noise basically is a mixture of all sounds around us. loud noise can even damaged ears permanently and cause defness. Let’s take a look at these below: 1. The EPA defines noise pollution as any unwanted or disturbing sound that reduces your quality of life or disrupts daily activities. It is the nerve endings in the inner ear that is most affected by continuous sounds and when these are damaged hearing loss occurs. What are the major sources of Noise Pollution in India? Getting help from the government and law and order agencies is important when the noisy situation is out of one’s control. Do you know what noise pollution is and what are its causes and effects? Noise from ships and human activities in the ocean is harmful to whales and dolphins that depend on echolocation to survive. The common noise level in most units is 80-120 dB(A), which is really hazardous. 1) loud noise can cause great harm to our ears. 3. Road traffic, railway traffic, air traffic, navigation etc the sources of noise can be classified in following categories: The main threat of noise comes from transport. Firstly, noise pollution causes a number of hearing problems. Construction 3. We shall detail each aspects of noise pollution, from its definition to the preventive laws and statutes, including the causes and effects. The noise coming from the … Noise from construction sites is generally far worse than the noise originating from factories. Noise Pollution Essay 4 (250 words) Noise pollution is caused by the high level of unwanted sound in the environment which causes pain. Noise pollution. While we often think of noise pollution as a problem of big cities, with the competing sounds of more people in a smaller space, noise pollution can also be found in suburban neighborhoods (in the form of leaf blowers, lawnmowers, and home construction) and even individual homes and workplaces. The noises from individual vehicles include noise from engine and transmission, exhaust noise, noise due to slamming of car doors and use of horn. Definition: Sound, a normal feature of our life, is the means of communication and enter­tainment in most animals, including human beings. Airways 7. They become dangerous. Studies showed that 1.3 per cent of industrial workers suffer from tinnitus for noise exposure levels up to 80 dB. The sources of noise pollution are divided into two categories: Natural sources The natural environment is filled with various sounds – thunderstorms, lightning, tornado, cyclone, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, sounds produced by animals, and rapidly falling water. Noise pollution, unwanted or excessive sound that can have deleterious effects on human health, wildlife, and environmental quality. Causes and Effects of Noise Pollution. Major cities around the world have banned or reduced flights at night and also prescribed noise limits. It has been determined that traffic is the main cause of noise pollution worldwide. Noise pollution – The second-largest Environmental Cause to Health Problems. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is one of the most dangerous environmental threats to health. Noise is defined physically as a complex sound with little or no periodicity and psychologically as a sound under sired by the recipient. They have the special ability to block out the noisy background and focus on what one wants to hear. Then why are all the horns on, on the road? Noise health effects are the physical and psychological health consequences of regular exposure to consistent elevated sound levels.Noise from traffic, in particular, is considered by the World Health Organization to be one of the worst environmental stressors for humans, second only to air pollution. The natural environment is filled with various sounds – thunderstorms, lightning, tornado, cyclone, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, sounds produced by animals, and rapidly falling water. The most common health problem it causes is Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Since it is a subtle form of pollution it is important to create awareness of it especially among those living or working in spaces like noisy factories, industries, airports, railways, construction sites, sports stadia, traffic wardens, malls, etc. In some heavy traffic areas, the average noise level reached up to 90 dB (A) even at nights. Noise from rail traffic is not a serious nuisance as compared to the road traffic and airport noise. The normal ambient noise level near rail tracks went up by 10-20 dB(A) during train movement. Headaches and fatigue due to disturbed sleep patterns. Acceptable noise levels for outdoor and indoor as recommended by ISI (1954-1968). This definition would first bring to mind the sound of one’s mother’s voice which one would probably like to associate with noise pollution. Our ears are so adapting to the environment. Imagine you live in a house which is quite close to a freeway. The word noise is derived from the Latin ‘nausea’ meaning disgust. The noise produced is generally, of lower frequency than that of road vehicles and further, most railway tracks run through rural areas. Noise is the unwanted sound, usually of high intensity and it causes irritation and discomfort. From traffic noise to rock concerts, loud or inescapable sounds can cause hearing loss, stress, and high blood pressure. Noise from ships and human activities in the ocean is harmful to whales and dolphins that depend on echolocation to survive. In most of the developing countries, poor urban planning also plays a vital role. Lecture 11 Causes, effects and control of noise and thermal pollution. Noise pollution is defined as “the environmental disturbance caused by noise, or noise resulting in feeling unrested for living in the vicinity.” You may not have given much thought to how side conversations affect productivity, or how the busy roadway next to your office affects your employees work, but noise pollution can be a significant problem in the workplace. Human sources Industries expose their workers to high noise load for long period of work every day. Causes and Effects of Noise Pollution. Noise pollution leads to the contraction of blood vessels hampering the normal flow of blood rendering a pale and fatigued look to the skin. Nearly half of the entire population is regularly exposed to noise levels labeled as excessive by the Environmental Protection Agency. Traffic speed is one of the major causes of noise. Noise pollution can be a serious problem for mental health. Human sources Rapid industrialization, urbanization, use of modern means of transport, population growth, and increasing scale of human activities are so… PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Too much light pollution washes out the view of the Universe, increasing energy consumption, interferes with astronomical research, disrupts ecosystems, and affects the health and safety of humans and wildlife. Content Guidelines Modern life has given rise to a new form of pollution. Due to increasing number of vehicles, loudspeakers and noise of the machines in industrial institutions, people are becoming vulnerable to mental stress and infection of the respiratory tract. , newborn babies and elderly people, handicapped persons, pet animals.! And it causes irritation and distraction causing the avoidable level of anxiety, stress, and stress cause high pressure. 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